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Yi Jing [I Ching]: The Book of Changes

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Hexagram 13

Tóng Rén [Fellowship with Men]

  Original Translation
The Image Heaven together with fire.
Qián (The Creative, Heaven) above, Lí (The Clinging, Fire) below.
The Judgment Tóng Rén (or 'Union of men') appears here (as we find it) in the (remote districts of the) country, indicating progress and success. It will be advantageous to cross the great stream. It will be advantageous to maintain the firm correctness of the superior man.
In Tóng Rén the weak (line) has the place (of influence), the central place, and responds to (the corresponding line in) Qián(above); hence comes its name of Tóng Rén (or 'Union of men').
Tóng Rén says:--The language, 'Tóng Rén appears here (as we find it) in (the remote districts of) the country, indicating progress and success, and that it will be advantageous to cross the great stream,' is moulded by its containing the strength (symbolled) in Qián. (Then) we have (the trigram indicating) elegance and intelligence, supported by (that indicating) strength; with the line in the central, and its correct, position, and responding (to the corresponding line above):--(all representing) the correct course of the superior man. It is only the superior man who can comprehend and affect the minds of all under the sky.
(The trigrams for) heaven and fire form Tóng Rén. The superior man, in accordance with this), distinguishes things according to their kinds and classes.
Line 1 The first NINE, undivided, (shows the representative of) the union of men just issuing from his gate. There will be no error.
'(The representative of) the union of men is just issuing from his gate:'--who will blame him?
Line 2 The second SIX, divided, (shows the representative of) the union of men in relation with his kindred. There will be occasion for regret.
'(The representative of) the union of men appears in relation with his kindred:'--that is the path to regret.
Line 3 The third NINE, undivided, (shows its subject) with his arms hidden in the thick grass, and at the top of a high mound. (But) for three years he makes no demonstration.
'He hides his arms in the thick grass:'--because of the strength of his opponent. 'For three years he makes no demonstration:'--how can he do anything?
Line 4 The fourth NINE, undivided, (shows its subject) mounted on the city wall; but he does not proceed to make the attack (he contemplates). There will be good fortune.
'He is mounted on his city-wall;' but yielding to the right, 'he does not proceed to make the attack (he contemplated).' (Where it is said),'There will be good fortune,' (that shows how) he feels the strait he is in, and returns to the rule of law.
Line 5 In the fifth NINE, undivided, (the representative of) the union of men first wails and cries out, and then laughs. His great host conquers, and he (and the subject of the second line) meet together.
The first action of (the representative of) the union of men (here described) arises from his central position and straightforward character. 'The meeting secured by his great host' intimates that the opponents of it have been overcome.
Line 6

The topmost NINE, undivided, (shows the representative of) the union of men in the suburbs. There will be no occasion for repentance.

'(The representative of) the union of men appears in the suburbs:'--his object has not yet been attained.
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