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Analects of Confucius



The Analects is the original "Confucius says:" except that fortune cookies rarely offer actual Confucius quotes. The Analects do and was therefore required reading for Chinese school children. There is probably no better endorsement of its influence than this store told in the San Zi Jing. The Song Emperor Taizong asked his Grand Secretary Zhao Pu why he was reading the Analects, a book commonly taught to kids. Zhao replied: "With half of this book I helped your father gain the empire. With the other half I help you to preserve it."

The Analects is a small but transcendental work put put together by the disciples of Confucius. It does not read as a grand treatise of Confucius' teaching but more like assorted recollections by disciples trying to record their master's teachings before they forget. The complete work is divided into 20 "books", but each book is in fact a very small chapter. There is no obvious organization to the "books".

Notes on the Translation

The complete text of the Analects is presented here with side-by-side translation. The English text of the translation is derived from "The Chinese Classics, Volume I: Confucian Analects" byJames Legge, 1891. (Source: Project Gutenberg). James Legge (1815-1897) was a notable Scottish missionary and sinologist who translated several Chinese classics.

To aid current bilingual readers, we have replaced the transliterated Chinese names from their original form to Pinyin but have the original romanization in square brackets for reference.

Book 1 - Book 11 -
Book 2 - Book 12 -
Book 3 - Book 13 -
Book 4 - Book 14 -
Book 5 - Book 15 -
Book 6 - Book 16 -
Book 7 - Book 17 -
Book 8 - Book 18 -
Book 9 - Book 19 -
Book 10 - Book 20 -